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Santoro MarioResearcher
Integrative Marine Ecology Department

Phone: +39 081 5833313
e-mail: mario.santoro(at)szn.it

Research Interests

I am a veterinary parasitologist board-certified in Wildlife Population Health by the European College of Zoological Medicine. My research areas focus on studying parasites and infectious diseases of aquatic organisms. My research interests include ecology and biology of parasites, trophic relationship, and host-pathogen interactions. My research output includes authorship of 70 peer- reviewed articles in international scientific journals and 1 book chapter. Currently, I work intensively with parasites and pathogens of fish, sea turtles, and marine mammals.

Selected Publications

Santoro M., C. M. Orrego, G. Hernández Gómez (2006). Flora normal bacteriana nasal y cloacal de Lepidochelys olivacea (Testudines: Cheloniidae) en el pacífico norte de Costa Rica. Revista de Biología Tropical 54 (1): 43-48.

Santoro M., G. Hernández, M. Caballero, F. Garcίa (2006). Aerobic bacterial flora of nesting green turtles (Chelonia mydas) from Tortuguero National Park, Costa Rica. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 37 (4): 549-552.

Santoro M., E. C. Greiner, J. A. Morales, B. Rodríguez-Ortíz (2006). Digenetic trematode community in nesting green sea turtles (Chelonia mydas) from Tortuguero National Park, Costa Rica. Journal of Parasitology 92 (6): 1202-1206.

Santoro M., J. A. Morales, B. Stacy, E. C. Greiner (2007). Rameshwarotrema uterocrescens trematode parasitism of the oesophageal glands in green sea turtles (Chelonia mydas). Veterinary Record 160 (2): 59-60.

Santoro M., J. A. Morales (2007). Some digenetic trematodes of the olive ridley sea turtle, Lepidochelys olivacea (Testudines: Cheloniidae) in Costa Rica. Helminthologia 44 (1): 25-28.

Santoro M., J. A. Morales, B. Rodríguez-Ortíz (2007). Spirorchiidiosis (Digenea: Spirorchiidae) and lesions associated with parasites in Caribbean green sea turtles (Chelonia mydas). Veterinary Record 161 (14): 482-486.

Santoro M., A. Meneses (2007). Haematology and plasma chemistry of breeding olive ridley sea turtles (Lepidochelys olivacea). Veterinary Record 161 (24): 818-819.

Santoro M., E. C. Greiner, J. A. Morales, B. Rodríguez-Ortíz (2007). A new pronocephalid Pleurogonius tortugueroi n. sp. (Digenea) from the intestine of green sea turtle (Chelonia mydas) in Costa Rica. Parassitologia 49 (1-2): 97-100.

Andreani G., M. Santoro, S. Cottignoli, M. Fabbri, E. Carpenè, G. Isani (2008). Metal distribution and metallothionein in loggerhead (Caretta caretta) and green (Chelonia mydas) sea turtles. Science Of The Total Environment 390 (1): 287-294.

Stacy B. A., M. Santoro, J. A. Morales, L. M. Huezella, V. F. Kalasinsky, A. Folley, N. Mettee, E. R. Jacobson (2008). Renal oxalosis in free-ranging green sea turtles Chelonia mydas. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 80 (1): 45-49.

Santoro M., G. Hernández, M. Caballero, F. Garcίa (2008). Potential bacterial pathogens carried by nesting leatherback turtles (Dermochelys coriacea) in Costa Rica. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 7 (1): 104-108.

Santoro M., P. Brandmayr, E. C. Greiner, J. A. Morales, B. Rodríguez-Ortíz (2009). Redescription of Charaxicephaloides polyorchis Groschaft and Tenora 1978 (Digenea: Pronocephalidae) from the green turtle Chelonia mydas in Costa Rica. Helminthologia 46 (2): 97-99.

Santoro M., E. C. Greiner, J. A. Morales, B. Rodríguez-Ortíz (2009). Redescription of Monticellius indicum Mehra, 1939 (Trematoda: Spirorchiidae) from the heart of green turtles (Chelonia mydas) in Costa Rica. Open Parasitology Journal 3: 4-8.

Santoro M., F. J. Badillo, S. Mattiucci, G. Nascetti, F. Bentivegna, G. Insacco, A. Travaglini, M. Paoletti, J. M. Kinsella, J. Tomás, J. A. Raga, F. J. Aznar (2010). Helminth communities of loggerhead turtles (Caretta caretta) from Central and Western Mediterranean Sea: the importance of host’s ontogeny. Parasitology International 59 (3): 367-375.

Santoro M., S. Mattiucci, A. Liotta, B. Degli Uberti, A. Galiano, G. Nascetti (2010). Molecular identification and pathology of Anisakis pegreffii (Nematoda: Anisakidae) infection in the Mediterranean loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta). Veterinary Parasitology 174: 65-71.

Santoro M., S. Mattiucci, M. J. Kinsella, F. J. Aznar, F. Pellegrino, D. Giordano, F. Castagna, G. Nascetti (2011). Gastrointestinal helminth community of the Mediterranean gull (Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) in southern Italy. Journal of Parasitology 97 (2): 364-366.

Santoro M., V. V. Tkach, S. Mattiucci, J. M. Kinsella, G. Nascetti (2011). Renifer aniarum (Digenea: Reniferidae), an introduced North American parasite in grass snake (Natrix natrix) in Calabria, southern Italy. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 95: 233-240.

Cipriani P., S. Mattiucci, M. Paoletti, M. Santoro, G. Nascetti (2012). Rhabdias esculentarum n. sp. (Nematoda: Rhabdiasidae) from the green frogs of the Rana esculenta species complex in Italy: molecular evidence, morphological description and genetic differentiation from its congeners in frogs and toads. Systematic Parasitology 82: 131-146.

Santoro M., F. J. Aznar, S. Mattiucci, J. M. Kinsella, F. Pellegrino, P. Cipriani, G. Nascetti (2013). Parasite assemblage in the Western whip snake (Hierophis viridiflavus carbonarius) (Colubridae) from southern Italy. Journal of Helminthology 87:277-285.

Santoro M., S. Mattiucci, T. Work, M. Paoletti, G. Nascetti (2013). Parasitic infection by larval helminths in Antarctic fish: pathological changes and impact on the host body condition index. Diseases of Aquatics Organisms 105:139-148.

Santoro M., S. Mattiucci, P. Cipriani, B. Bellisario, F. Romanelli, R. Cimmaruta, G. Nascetti (2014). Parasite communities of icefish (Chionodraco hamatus) in the Ross Sea (Antarctica): Influence of the host sex on the helminth infracommunity structure. Plos One 9 (2): e88876.doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0088876.

Santoro M., J. A. Morales, F. Bolaños, G. Chaves, M. de Stefano (2015). Helminths of hawksbill sea turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) from the Pacific coast of Costa Rica. Helminthologia 52 (1): 67-70.

Santoro M., P. Cipriani, P. Pankov, S. P. Lawton (2015). Aporocotyle michaudi n. sp. (Digenea: Aporocotylidae) from the emerald rock cod Trematomus bernacchii (Teleostei: Perciformes) in Antarctica. Parasitology International 64:324-329.

Majeska R., M. Santoro, F. Bolaños, G. Chaves, M. De Stefano (2015). Diatoms and other epibionts associated olive ridley sea turtles (Lepidochelys olivacea) nesting in the Pacific coast of Costa Rica. Plos One 10 (6): e0130351.

Majewska R., J.P. Kociolek, E. W. Thomas, M. De Stefano, M. Santoro, F. Bolaños, B. Van De Vijver (2015). Chelonicola and Poulinea, two new gomphonemoid diatom genera (Bacillariophyta) living on marine turtles from Costa Rica. Phytotaxa 233 (3):236-250.

Mattiucci S., P. Cipriani, M. Paoletti, V. Nardi, M. Santoro, B. Bellisario, G. Nascetti (2015) Temporal stability of parasite distribution and genetic variability values of Contracaecum osculatum sp. D and C. osculatum sp. E (Nematoda: Anisakidae) from fish of the Ross Sea (Antarctica). International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife 4:356-367.

Anastasio A., G. Smaldone, D. Cacace, R. Marrone, A. Lo Voi, M. Santoro, G. Cringoli, E. Pozio (2016). Inactivation of Anisakis pegreffii larvae in anchovies (Engraulis encrasicolus) by salting and quality assessment of finished product. Food Control 64:115-119.

Santoro M., N. D’Alessio, F. di Prisco, V. Veneziano, G. Galiero, A. Cerrone, L. Barca, J. M. Kinsella, F. J. Aznar (2016) Helminth communities of herons (Aves: Ardeidae) in southern Italy. Parasitology International 65:340-346.

Centelleghe C., G. Beffagna, G. Palmisano, C. Casalone, A. Pautasso, F. Giorda, F. Di Nocera, D. Iaccarino, M. Santoro, G. Di Guardo, S. Mazzariol (2017) Dolphin morbillivirus in a Cuvier’s beaked whale (Ziphius cavirostris), Italy. Frontiers in Microbiology 8(112).

Santoro M., F. Di Nocera, D. Iaccarino, S.P. Lawton, A. Cerrone, B. degli Uberti, M. D’Amore, A. Affuso, S. Hochscheid, F. Maffucci, G. Galiero (2017) Pathology and molecular analysis of Hapalotrema mistroides (Monticelli 1896) (Digenea: Spirorchiidae) infecting a Mediterranean loggerhead turtle Caretta caretta (Linnaeus). Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 124:101-108.

Santoro M., N. D’Alessio, A. Cerrone, M.G. Lucibelli, G. Borriello, G. Aloise, C. Auriemma, N. Riccone, G. Galiero (2017) The Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra) as a potential host for rickettsial pathogens in southern Italy. Plos One 12(3).

Spadola F., M. Morici, M. Santoro, M. Oliveri, G. Insacco (2017) Reproductive disorders and perinatology of sea turtles. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Exotic Animal Practice 20:345-370.

Majewska R., B. Van de Vijver, A. Nasrolahi, M. Ehsanpour, M. Afkhami, F. Bolaños, F. Iamunno, M. Santoro, M. De Stefano (2017) Green turtles (Chelonia mydas) from distant habitats still share several poorly known epibiotic diatom taxa. Microbial Ecology 74(4):969-978.

Maio N., F. Pollaro, A. Gasparro, A. Petraccioli, M. Mezzasalma, M. Guariglia, G. Galiero, F. Di Nocera, D. Iaccarino, M. Santoro, G. Insacco, F. Maria Guarino (2017) New record of dwarf sperm whale Kogia sima (Owen, 1866) from the Mediterranean Sea (Cetacea Kogiidae). Biodiversity Journal 8(4):947-950.

Santoro M., F. Di Nocera, D. Iaccarino, P. Cipriani, I. Guadano, F. Maffucci, S. Hochscheid, C. Blanco, A. Cerrone, G. Galiero, G. Nascetti, S. Mattiucci (2018) Helminth parasites of the dwarf sperm whale Kogia sima (Cetacea: Kogiidae) from the Mediterranean Sea, with implications on host ecology. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 122:175-182.

Santoro M., B. Degli Uberti, F. Corrado, A. Cutarelli, D. Iaccarino, F. Di Nocera, M. D'Amore, G. De Luca, A. Cerrone, F. Capuano, G. Galiero (2018) Grillotia (Cestoda: Trypanorhyncha) plerocerci in anglerfish (Lophius piscatorius) from Tyrrhenian Sea. Parasitology Research 117(11):3653-3658.

Santoro M., D. Iaccarino, F. Di Nocera, B. Degli Uberti, M. G. Lucibelli, G. Borriello, G. De Luca, M. D'Amore, A. Cerrone, G. Galiero (2019) Molecular detection of Chlamydia abortus in a stranded Mediterranean striped dolphin (Stenella coeruleoalba). Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 132:203-208.

Santoro M., E. Marchiori, D. Iaccarino, , B. Degli Uberti, R. Cassini, F. Di Nocera, A. Cerrone, G. Galiero, F. Marcer (2019) Epidemiology of Sulcascaris sulcata (Nematoda: Anisakidae) ulcerous gastritis in the Mediterranean loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta caretta). Parasitology Research 118:1457-1463.

Viscardi M., M. Santoro, M.T. Clausi, L. Cozzolino, N. Decaro, L. Colaianni, G. Fusco (2019) Molecular detection and characterization of carnivore parvoviruses in free-ranging Eurasian otters (Lutra lutra) in southern Italy. Tranboundary and Emerging Diseases. 66:1864-1872.

Book Chapters

Santoro, M., S. Mattiucci (2009). Sea turtle parasites. In: I. S. Wehrtmann & J. Cortés (eds), The Marine Biodiversity of Costa Rica, Central America. Monographiae Biologicae 86, Springer Netherlands, pp. 507-519.

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