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gambi maria cristinaResearcher
Integrative Marine Ecology Department

Tel. +39 081 5833513
Fax: +39 081 984201
e-mail: mariacristina.gambi(at)szn.it, gambimc(at)gmail.com
Skype: gambimc

Download Curriculum Vitae

Research interests

Diversity evolutionary biology and ecology of polychaetes and zoobenthic communities in relation to ecological factors and climate change stressors.

Studies are aimed to investigate various aspects of the diversity, evolutionary biology and ecology of benthic polychaetes, one of most abundant and diversified groups of the zoobenthos in marine habitats, and their role as bioindicators, and in the functioning of coastal biotopes. In this frame, special attention is given to identification of polychaete alien species, their life cycle and expansion dynamics within the Mediterranean Sea. Identification of key-species of polychaetes resilient to various climate change related stressors, with special focus on ocean acidification (OA), allow to use these species as models to study both acclimatization and adaptation to local environmental conditions. Investigations are also carried out on spatial and temporal variability in the structure and functioning of zoobenthic communities of coastal vegetated habitats, with special focus to seagrass Posidonia oceanica meadows, in relation to gradient of environmental factors, climate changes and human mediated disturbances. The experimental approach with polychaetes and zoobenthos is addressed both in the laboratory and in situ, using various CO2 volcanic vent systems off the coast of Ischia, as natural laboratories to study ocean acidification. Such systems, and in particular the site off the Castello Aragonese, are characterized by sea water acidification, with no changes in temperature or salinity, and a gradient of pCO2/pH. These systems represent therefore ideal biotopes to study the long term effects of climate change and OA on the benthic biota since they reproduce now the future scenario of OA predicted for the end of the century. The vent’s system studied, include some of the most typical and diverse coastal habitat of the Mediterranean Sea, such as Posidonia oceanica seagrass meadows, detritic substrate, rocky photophilous reefs and coralligenous outcrops, as well as a semi-obscure cave.

Selected Publications

Garrabou J.A, Coma R., Bensoussan N., Chevaldonné P., Cigliano M., Diaz D., Harmelin J.G., Gambi M.C., Graille R., Kersting D.K., Lejeusne C., Linares C., Marschal C., Perez T., Ribes M., Romano J.C., Torrents O., Zabala M., Zuberer F., Cerrano C. 2009. A new large scale mass mortality event in the NW Mediterranean rocky benthic communities: effects of the 2003 heat wave. Global Change Biology, 15: 1090-1103. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2008.01823x

Occhipinti-Ambrogi A., Marchini A., Cantone G., Castelli A., Chimenz C., Cormaci M., Froglia C., Furnari G., Gambi M.C., Giaccone G., Giangrande A., Gravili C., Mastrototaro F., Mazziotti C., Orsi-Relini L., Piraino S. 2011. Alien species along the Italian coasts: an overview. Biological Invasions, 13: 215-237. DOI 10.1007/s10530-010-9803-y

Kroeker K.J., Micheli F., Gambi M.C., Martz T.R. 2011. Divergent ecosystem responses within a benthic marine community to ocean acidification. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA (PNAS), 108 (35), 14515-14520.DOI 10.1073/pnas.1107789108

Kroeker K., Micheli F., Gambi M.C. 2013. Ocean acidification causes ecosystem shifts via altered competitive interactions. Nature Climate Change, 3: 156-159. DOI: 10.1038/NClimate1680

Kroeker K.J., Gambi M.C., Micheli F. 2013. Altered recovery dynamics result in homogenous assemblages in an acidified ocean. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA (PNAS). DOI 10.1073/pnas.1216464110

Calosi P., Rastrick S.P.S., Lombardi C., de Guzman H.J., Davidson L., Jahnke M., Giangrande A., Hardege J.D., Schulze A, Spicer J.I., Gambi M.C. 2013. Adaptation and acclimatization to ocean acidification in marine ectotherms: an in situ transplant experiment with polychaetes at a shallow CO2 vent system. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: 368, 20120444. dx.doi.org/10.1098/rstb 2012.0444.

Lucey N.M., Lombardi C., De Marchi L., Schulze A., Gambi M.C., Calosi P. 2015. To brood or not to brood. Are marine organisms that protect their offspring more resilient to ocean acidification? Scientific Reports, 5:12009. DOI: 10.1038/srep12009

Ricevuto E., Vizzini S., Gambi M.C. 2015. Ocean acidification effects on stable isotope signatures and trophic interactions of polychaete consumers and organic matter sources at a CO2 shallow vent system. Journal Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 468: 105-117. Dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2015.03.016

Ricevuto E., Lanzoni I., Fattorini D., Regoli F., Gambi M.C. 2016. Arsenic speciation and susceptibility to oxidative stress in the fanworm Sabella spallanzanii (Gmelin) (Annelida, Sabellidae) under naturally acidified conditions: an in situ transplant experiment in a Mediterranean CO2 vent system. Science of the Total Environment, 544: 765-773.

Gambi M.C., Musco L., Giangrande A., Badalamenti F., Micheli F., Kroeker K.J. 2016. Polychaete distribution in shallow rocky reefs along a pH gradient of a vent system reveals winners and losers among closely related species. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 550: 121-134. DOI. 10.3354/meps11727.

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